Fact sheet

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GLOBAL STATISTICS

People living with HIV

  • In 2013, there were 35 million [33.2 million–37.2 million] people living with HIV.

-       Since the start of the epidemic around 78 million [71 million–87 million] have become infected with HIV and 39 million [35 million–43 million] people have died of AIDS-related illnesses.

New HIV infections

  • New HIV infections have fallen by 38% since 2001.

-       Worldwide, 2.1 million [1.9 million–2.4 million] people became newly infected with HIV in 2013, down from 3.4 million [3.3 million–3.6 million] in 2001.

  • New HIV infections among children have declined by 58% since 2001.

-       Worldwide, 240 000 [210 000–280 000] children became newly infected with HIV in 2013, down from 580 000 [530 000–640 000] in 2001.

AIDS-related deaths

  • AIDS-related deaths have fallen by 35% since the peak in 2005.

-       In 2013, 1.5 million [1.4 million–1.7 million] people died from AIDS-related causes worldwide compared to 2.4 million [2.2 million–2.6 million] in 2005.

Antiretroviral therapy

  • In 2013, around 12.9 million people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy.

-       This represents 37% [35%-39%] of all people living with HIV.

-       38% [36%-40%] of all adults living with HIV are receiving treatment however just 24% [22%-26%] of all children living with HIV are receiving the lifesaving medicines.

HIV/TB

  • TB-related deaths in people living with HIV have fallen by 36% since 2004.

-       TB remains the leading cause of death among people living with HIV, with an estimated 320 000 [300 000–340 000] deaths in 2012.

-       In 2013, the percentage of identified HIV positive tuberculosis patients who were started or continued on antiretroviral treatment reached 70% (up from 57% in 2012).

Investments

  • US$ 19.1 billion was available from all sources for the AIDS response in 2013.

-       The estimated annual need by 2015 is currently between US$ 22–24 billion.

  • In 2013, domestic investments from low- and middle-income countries accounted for around half of all HIV related spending.

REGIONAL STATISTICS

Sub-Saharan Africa

  • In 2013, there were 24.7 million [23.5 million – 26.1 million] people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

-       Women account for 58% of the total number of people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

  • In 2013, there were an estimated 1.5 million [1.3 million – 1.6 million] new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa.

-       New HIV infections declined by 33% from 2005 and 2013.

-       Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for almost 70% of the global total of new HIV infections.

  • In sub-Saharan Africa, 1.1 million [1.0 million – 1.3 million] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.

-       Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa fell by 39%.

  • Treatment coverage is 37% of all people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

-       67% of men and 57% of women were not receiving ART in sub-Saharan Africa in 2013.

-       Three out of four people on ART live in sub Saharan Africa.

-       In Nigeria 80% of people do not have access to treatment.

  • There were 210 000 [180 000 – 250 000] new HIV infections among children in sub-Saharan Africa in 2013.

-       Since 2009, there has been a 43% decline in new HIV infections among children in the 21 priority countries of the Global Plan in Africa.

Asia and the Pacific

  • In 2013, there were 4.8 million [4.1 million – 5.5 million] people living with HIV in Asia and the Pacific.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 350 000 [250 000 – 510 000] new HIV infections in the region.

-       New HIV infections declined by 6% from 2005 and 2013

-       Indonesia is cause for concern – new HIV infections have risen by 48% since 2005

  • In Asia and the Pacific, 250 000 [210 000 – 290 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.

-       Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region fell by 27%.

-       India accounts for 51% of all AIDS-related deaths in the region.

  • Treatment coverage is 33% [28 – 38] of all people living with HIV in Asia and the Pacific.
  • An estimated 3.1 million aduts were not receiving ART in Asia and the Pacific in 2013.

-       In only two countries in Asia and the Pacific, Thailand and Cambodia, have more than 50% of all people living with HIV currently on antiretroviral treatment.

  • There were 22 000 [18 000 – 32 000] new HIV infections among children in Asia and the Pacific in 2013.

-       Since 2009, there has been a 15% decline in new HIV infections among children in the region.

Latin America

  • In 2013, there were 1.6 million [1.4 million – 2.4 million] people living with HIV in Latin America.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 94 000 [71 000 – 170 000] new HIV infections in the region.

-       New HIV infections declined by 3% from 2005 and 2013

  • In Latin America, 47 000 [39 000 – 75 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.

-       Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region fell by 31%

  • Treatment coverage is 45% [33 – 51] of all people living with HIV in Latin America.
  • There were 1800 [<1000 – 7400] new HIV infections among children in Latin America in 2013. 

Western and Central Europe and North America

  • In 2013, there were 2.3 million [2.0 million – 3.0 million] people living with HIV in Western and Central Europe and North America.

-       The United States accounts for 56% of people living with HIV in this part of the world.

  • In 2013, there were an estimated 88 000 [44 000 – 160 000] new HIV infections in the region.

-       In Western and Central Europe and North America, 27 000 [23 000 – 34 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.

-       Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region fell by 2%.

  • Treatment coverage is 51% [39-60] of all people living with HIV.
  • There were <500 [<200 – <500] new HIV infections among children in Western and Central Europe and North America in 2013. 

Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  • In 2013, there were 1.1 million [980 000 – 1.3 million] people living with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 110 000 [86 000 – 130 000] new HIV infections in the region.

-       New HIV infections rose by 5% from 2005 and 2013

  • In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 53 000 [43 000 – 69 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.

-       Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region rose by 5%

  • Treatment coverage is 21% [18-24] of all people living with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
  • There were <1000 [<1000 – 1200] new HIV infections among children in Eastern Europe and Central Asia in 2013.

Caribbean

  • In 2013, there were 250 000 [230 000 – 280 000] people living with HIV in the Caribbean.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 12 000 [9400 – 14 000] new HIV infections in the region.

-       New HIV infections declined by 40% from 2005 and 2013.

  • In the Caribbean, 11 000 [8300 – 14 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.

-       Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region fell by half.

-       Haiti accounted for 59% of all AIDS related deaths in the region in 2013.

  • Treatment coverage is 42% of people 15 years or older living with HIV in Caribbean– an increase of 31% since 2011.
  • There were <1000 [<500 – <1000] new HIV infections among children in Caribbean in 2013.

Middle East and North Africa

  • In 2013, there were 230 000 [160 000 – 330 000] people living with HIV in the the Middle East and North Africa.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 25 000 [14 000 – 41 000] new HIV infections in the region.

-       New HIV infections rose by 7% from 2005 and 2013

  • In the Middle East and North Africa, 15 000 [10 000 – 21 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.

-       Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region rose by 66%.

  • Treatment coverage is 11% [8 – 16] of people living with HIV in the Middle East and North Africa
  • There were 2300 [1500 – 3400] new HIV infections among children in the Middle East and North Africa in 2013.

 

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