Fact sheet

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People living with HIV

  • In 2012, there were 35.3 million [32.2 million–38.8 million] people living with HIV.
    • Since the start of the epidemic around 75 million [63 million–89 million] have become infected with HIV.

New HIV infections

  • New HIV infections have fallen by 33% since 2001.
    • Worldwide, 2.3 million [1.9 million–2.7 million] people became newly infected with HIV in 2012, down from 3.4 million [3.1 million–3.7 million] in 2001.
    • New HIV infections among adults and adolescents decreased by 50% or more in 26 countries between 2001 and 2012.
  • New HIV infections among children have declined by 52% since 2001.
    • Worldwide, 260 000 [230 000–320 000] children became newly infected with HIV in 2012, down from 550 000 [500 000–620 000] in 2001.

AIDS-related deaths

  • AIDS-related deaths have fallen by 30% since the peak in 2005.
    • In 2012, 1.6 million [1.4 million–1.9 million] people died from AIDS-related causes worldwide compared to 2.3 million [2.1 million–2.6 million] in 2005.
    • Since the start of the epidemic an estimated 36 million [30 million – 42 million] people have died of AIDS-related illnesses.

Antiretroviral therapy

  • In 2012, around 9.7 million people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries.
    • This represents 61% of people eligible for treatment under the 2010 WHO guidelines; and 34% of people eligible under the 2013 WHO guidelines.

HIV/TB

  • TB-related deaths in people living with HIV have fallen by 36% since 2004.
    • TB remains the leading cause of death among people living with HIV.

Investments

  • US$ 18.9 billion was available from all sources for the AIDS response in 2012.
    • The estimated annual need by 2015 is currently between US$ 22-24 billion.
  • In 2012, low- and middle-income countries increased domestic investments for HIV, accounting for 53% of all HIV related spending.