Progress report on the global response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, 2003 : follow-up to the 2001 United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS
Yet this report also underscores the challenges that face us. Despite a wealth of information on proven interventions, HIV prevention coverage is extremely low. Fundamental prevention interventions, such as access to voluntary HIV counselling and testing, are only available to one in nine individuals in developing countries and less than one in twenty pregnant women are able to access services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of the virus. A majority of countries worldwide have no legal protection in place to prohibit discrimination against vulnerable populations, and more than one-half of countries in sub-Saharan Africa do not have laws to prevent discrimination on the basis of a person’s HIV-positive status. In sub-Saharan Africa, where more than 4 million people could immediately benefit from antiretroviral therapy, only about 50,000 (or about 1% of those in need) currently have access to such medications.