Video News Broll for Knowledge is Power: Know Your HIV Status report

On World AIDS Day 2018, UNAIDS is focusing on HIV testing with a new report showing that intensified testing and treatment efforts are reaching more people living with HIV. In 2017, three quarters of people living with HIV (75%) knew their HIV status, compared to just two thirds (67%) in 2015, and 21.7 million people living with HIV (59%) had access to antiretroviral therapy, up from 17.2 million in 2015.

The report shows, however, that 9.4 million people (a quarter) living with HIV do not know they are living with the virus and urgently need to be linked to HIV testing and treatment services.

Testing is the only way to know for sure if you have HIV. If you think you may have been at risk of acquiring HIV, it is important to find out your HIV status and start treatment as soon as possible if the result is positive. The sooner you start treatment, the healthier you will remain and the less likely you will transmit the virus. "Knowledge is power,” reveals that although the number of people living with HIV who are virally suppressed has risen by around 10 percentage points in the past three years, reaching 47% in 2017, 19.4 million people living with HIV still do not have a suppressed viral load. To remain healthy and to prevent transmission, the virus needs to be suppressed to undetectable or very low levels through sustained antiretroviral therapy.

In 2017 an estimated:

  • 36.9 million [31.1 million–43.9 million] people globally were living with HIV
  • 21.7 million [19.1 million–22.6 million] people were accessing treatment
  • 1.8 million [1.4 million–2.4 million] people became newly infected with HIV
  • 940 000 [670 000–1.3 million] people died from AIDS-related illnesses

For additional materials go here: and

And for latest statistics click here.


The broadcast of these images are under embargo until 28 November 2018.

Please use the images in the context described. Unless indicated the HIV status, sexual orientation or any other characteristic of people in the images are unknown and should not be described inappropriately. If in doubt, contact UNAIDS.

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TRT:  3:55

Khayelitsha, Cape Town, South Africa

WIDE street shot, Thobani Ncapai walking down the street

He arrives at “All Cutz” barber shop

He is sitting, barber trimming his beard

Side shot of Thobani

CU of electric razor and head

Barber, Nceba Noubewu working

Pan shot from behind as barber trims top of head

Medium Side shot

Thobani approaching his house

He greets his daughter

Thobani playing with young daughter

CU daughter, father smiling

Thobani alone taking his antiretroviral treatment

Various shots of pill, pill box, pill in hand, glass of water

Various shots of young people walking out of school

School boys playing football on sandy pitch

Men milling about by cars

Various shots of people walking at an outdoor market


SOT 1 THOBANI NCAPAI (english)  10 SECS 

“Most of the men in our communities they don’t want to go for HIV test so it’s a huge problem in our communities.”

SOT 2  THOBANI NCAPAI (english)  20 SECS “We used to go without knowing that there were HIV clinics, men’s clinic but now it’s better because if you don’t want to go to the clinic because there are a lot of women, or you don’t want to go to public clinic, you can go to men’s clinic.”

OFF CAMERA “It’s important to know your status”

SOT 3 THOBANI NCAPAI (english)  5 SECS “I was not aware what it means to be HIV positive at that time.” (He found out he was living w/ HIV two decades ago.)

SOT 4 THOBANI NCAPAI (english)  6 SECS “In 2001, I was the first patient to start the ARV (antiretroviral) medication.”

SOT 5 THOBANI NCAPAI (english)  9 SECS “Now that I am on HIV treatment I am no more afraid of dying because of HIV and AIDS... I am like any other people.”

SOT 6 THOBANI NCAPAI (english)  4 SECS “My aim was to raise my son but now that I have a daughter, I wish I can raise my daughter up.”

SOT 7 THOBANI NCAPAI (english)  12 SECS “It’s important that young people should be aware that HIV is still alive, they should protect themselves from sexually transmitted diseases.”

Thobani Ncapai lives in Khayelitsha, a township in Western Cape Town in South Africa. He found out he was HIV positive in 1997. At the time he said he had no information about HIV and he was scared not to see his son grow up. In 2001, he was losing a lot of weight and feeling sick. He became the first person in his hometown to start HIV treatment. He felt hope and now feels like any other person. Not only has he seen his son grow up but he’s also had a baby girl. His concern these days is that not enough men and young people know their HIV status. HIV is preventable and if not treated it can lead to AIDS. Once a person knows their status, if it’s positive then antiretroviral treatment can be started immediately. Not only can a person live a long and healthy life by taking treatment every day, the virus also becomes nearly undetectable in a person’s blood and therefore the person no longer transmits HIV.

In South Africa, 7.2 million people live with HIV with 61% of people accessing life-saving treatment. However, there were 270 000 new HIV infections and 110 000 AIDS-related deaths last year.  HIV prevalence (15-49 year old) stands at 18.8% - one of the highest in the world.


Conakry, GUINEA

Males nurse gets information from a woman re: age, name

With gloves on he takes woman’s finger to conduct HIV test (pin prick)

CU test strip

CU male nurse’s face


Mobile HIV testing booth set up

Welcome briefing to a young man about HIV test

Young man steps behind booth

Health practitioner with gloves on does pin prick HIV blood test

CU test strip, rubbing alcohol

Health practitioner puts plaster on young man’s finger



The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) leads and inspires the world to achieve its shared vision of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths. UNAIDS unites the efforts of 11 UN organizations—UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNODC, UN Women, ILO, UNESCO, WHO and the World Bank—and works closely with global and national partners towards ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. Learn more at and connect with us on Facebook and Twitter. Other videos can be found on the  UNAIDS YouTube channel.


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